Wado-Ryu Martial Arts

Class Terms

SEIRETSU - Line up (traditionally, right to left, by rank)

  SEIZA - Sit traditionally, in the zazen, or, kneeling position

   REI - Bow 
 
 TACHI REI - Standing Bow 
 
 SHOMEN NI REI - Bow to the front (of the dojo)
  
 SENSEI NI REI -  Bow to the instructor
  
 OTAGAI NI REI - Bow to your fellow classmates
  
 YUDANSHA NI REI - Bow to a particular, or all, Black Belts
  
 SEMPAI NI REI - Bow to the senior student or students
  
 HAJIME - Begin, start
  
 MATTE - Stop
  
 KIOTSUKE - Attention
  
 KIRITTSU - Stand Quickly
  
 OKEMASU - Stand
  
 MAEWATTE - Turn
  
 NAO REI - Recover to attention stance -- prepare to bow
  
 YAME - Recover, return
  
 YOI -  Open to 'ready' position (usually from musubi dachi to hachiji dachi)

Blocking Terms

UKE - Block, or, defend(er)
  
 GEDAN UKE - Low block
  
 SOTO UKE - Inside-to-outside block, chudan level
  
 JODAN UKE - High block
  
 SHUTO UKE - Knife-edge of the hand block
  
 TETSUI UKE - Hammer-fist block
  
 UCHI UKE - Outside-to-inside front forearm block
  
 UDE UKE - Outside-to-inside back forearm block
  
 MOROTO UKE - Double forearm block - arms crossed
  
 JUJI UKE - 'x' block, arms crossed at the wrists
  
 EMPI UKE - Elbow block
  
 KAKAE UKE - Circular, pulling block, emphasizing the shote, or heel of the hand

Hand Techniques

TSUKI - Fist strike, punch
 
 JUNZUKI - Stepping front-hand punch
 
 JUNZUKI NO TSUKOMI - Stepping front-hand lunging punch
 
 GYAKUZUKI - Reverse, or back-hand, punch
 
 GYAKUZUKI NO TSUKOMI - Lunging reverse, or back-hand punch
 
 URAKEN - Back-fist
 
 SHUTO - Knife-edge of the hand
 
 TETSUI - Hammer-fist
 
 ATEMI - Strike
 
 TATE - Vertical-fist (or vertical-hand)
  
 SHOTE - Heel of the hand
  
 IPPON NUKITE - One-finger spear-hand
  
 NIHON NUKITE - Two-finger spear-hand
  
 YOHAN NUKITE - Spear-hand (four fingers)
  
 IPPON KENZUKI - One-finger knuckle strike
  
 HAESHU - Open, back of the hand strike
  
 HAITO - Ridge-hand
  
 HIKITE - Pulling-hand

Kicks

MAE GERI - Front snap kick
  
 MAEWASHI GERI - Roundhouse kick
  
 MAE MAEWASHI GERI - Front snap kick, followed by roundhouse kick
  
 YOKO GERI - Side kick (striking surface: ashi sokuto, or, knife-edge of the foot)
  
 HAKU GERI - Inward crescent kick (striking surface: usually the instep-to-pad of the foot)
  
 MAE HAKU GERI - Outward crescent kick (striking surface: ashi sokuto)
  
 MAE TOBI GERI - Flying front kick (usually executed with kekome-thrust-)
  
 YOKO TOBI GERI - Flying side kick
  
 USHIRO GERI - Back, or, rearward kick (striking surface: heel of the foot)
  
 FUMIKOMI GERI - Stomping kick (Usually executed as gedan yoko geri)
  
 HIZA - Knees

Stances

MUSUBI DACHI - Attention stance
  
 HACHIJI DACHI - Ready stance
  
 ZENKUTSU DACHI - Forward fighting stance
  
 NO TSUKOMI DACHI - Forward lunging stance
  
 GYAKUTSUKI DACHI - Reverse-punch stance
  
 GYAKUTSUKI - NO TSUKOMI DACHI - Lunging reverse-punch stance
  
 SHEIKO DACHI - Horse stance
  
 NEKO DACHI - Cat stance
  
 NEKO ASHI DACHI - Cat-leg stance
  
 SHOMEN NEKO ASHI DACHI - Front cat-leg stance
  
 
 MAHANMI NEKO ASHI DACHI - Profile (or half-view) cat-leg stance
  
 HEISOKU DACHI - Narrow stance (heels and toes together)
  
 SHIZENTAI DACHI - Natural stance
  
 KOKUTSU DACHI - Rearward lunging stance (sometimes called, gyakutsuki no tsukomi dachi)
  
 NAIFANCHI DACHI - Modified horse stance (feet turned inward)
  
 SEISHAN DACHI (Tatte Seishan Dachi) - Hourglass stance

Anatomy

GEDAN - Lower area of the body from the hips down

 CHUDAN - (Middle) Mid- area of the body from the waist to the shoulders
  
 JODAN - (High) Upper area of the body from the neck up
  
 ASHI - Foot (also, leg)
  
 ASHI KUBI - Ankle
  
 ASHI SOKUTO - Outer edge ('knife edge') of the foot
  
 ASHI JOSOKUTEI - Ball of the foot
  
 
 HIIRU - Heel
  
 KOSHI - Hips
  
 TE - hand
  
 HIZA - Knee
  
 EMPI (or, 'hiji') Elbow
  
 UDE - Arm
  
 ME - Eye
  
 SEIKEN - Fist
  
 NODO - Throat
  
 ONAKA - Stomach
  
 MIMI - Ear
  
 SHINZO - Heart